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Sugarcane pathology 

Plant pathology is the scientific study of plant diseases caused by pathogens and environmental conditions. Organisms that cause infectious disease include fungi, oomycetes, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virus-like organisms, phytoplasmas, protozoa, nematodes and parasitic plants.

Among the various disciplines of agriculture, plant pathology is an important stream, as it pertains to diseases — its diagnosis, management, forecasting, forewarning, quarantine and genetic engineering, all of which can help enhance yield. This is beneficial not just to farmers, but also to the society at large. In Pakistan, particularly in the Jhang watercourse area, the red rot caused by Colletotrichum falcatum is measured as a very critical disease. A high loss in cane yield has also been observed.

“Monitoring pest and diseases in the country, giving necessary warnings for any outbreak of crop diseases, visiting the infected areas along with extension officials of agricultural departments and studying the nature of damage, cause and suggesting suitable remedial measures to save crop and increase productivity are also undertaken by the Plant Pathologist.”

Screening of germplasm under different selection stages against red rot, rust, smut, pokkah boeng and mosaic has been conducted. Monitoring of sugarcane fields is done at various locations of SML for identification of diseases and technical guidance to cane growers of SML for disease control. Symptom of the diseases with the pathogens name are given below:

Agronomic Trials

The objective of this programme is to provide technical guidance on the production technology, biometric traits of varieties, integrated pest management, judicious use of fertilizer and irrigation water. This has helped enhance crop yield and quality of SML cane growers.

The agronomic trials conducted on promising clones consisted of seed rate, row spacing, fertiliser application, irrigation coefficients, weed control and post harvest losses. The detail of “National Uniform Varietal Yield (NUVTY) and Zonal Out Field” trials with locations and varieties name are given below:

National Uniform Varietal Yield Trials (NUVYT)

Sr. # Location Varieties
01 National Agricultural Research Center, Sugarcane Crop Station, Islamabad HoSG-31, SPSG-27 and CSSG-32
02 Sugarcane Research Institute, Faisalabad
03 National Sugar Crops Research Institute, Thatta
04 Sugar Crops Research Institute, Mardan
05 Nuclear Institute for Agriculture, Tandojam
06 Agricultural Research Institute, Dera Ismail Khan

Zonal out field trials at different locations in district Jhang

Sr. # Location Varieties
01 Kot Khan HoSG – 31, NSG- 59, HSF – 240, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 32, CSSG – 33,US – 778 and CSSG – 2402
02 Chela Rajana HoSG – 31, NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453
03 Chund Pull HoSG-31, NSG- 59, CSSG- 32, CSSG – 33, CPSG-25 and
CSSG – 2453
04 Salyana HoSG – 31, NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453
05 Pakky wala HoSG – 31, NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453
06 Kot Khan HoSG – 31, NSG- 59, HSF – 240, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 32, CSSG – 33,US – 778 and CSSG – 2402
07 Kilcha Pull HoSG – 31, NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453
08 Umar kot HoSG-31, NSG- 59, CSSG- 32, CSSG – 33, CPSG-25 and
CSSG – 2453
09 Danoowala HoSG – 31,NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453
10 Balian HoSG – 31,NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453

 Organic sugar project

Shakarganj Mills Limited, is regular certified member of “Control Union International” under European Union (EU) and National Organic Programme (NOP) USDA since 2004 for the production of organic “Sugarcane, Wheat, Rice and Brown sugar”. This Regulation provides the basis for the sustainable
development of organic production while ensuring the effective functioning of the internal market, guaranteeing fair competition, ensuring consumer confidence and protecting consumer
interests.

“Organic production” means the use of the production method compliant with the rules established in this Regulation, at all stages of production, preparation and distribution; any stage from and including the primary production of an organic product up to and including its storage, processing, transport, sale or supply to the final consumer, and where relevant labelling, advertising, import, export and subcontracting activities.

Shakarganj’s registered growers with total acres are given below;

No. of Growers Total Area (Acre) Sugarcane Area (Acre) Paddy Area (Acre) Wheat Area (Acre)

107

7579

2901

2155

3101

Control Union Certificate 2014

BONSUCRO Membership

Shakarganj and Bonsucro had completed three teleconferences as technical support to fill its calculator, chain of custody and revised production standard. The last event was held on “10 June 2014” as per requirements to get Bonsucro certification.

The Bonsucro revised production standard teleconference was organized by the IT department. The presentation given by Nicolas Viart (Head of Sustainability,  Bonsucro) was received and sent to the concerned departments of SML on “18 June 2014”.