Plant pathology is the scientific study of plant diseases caused by pathogens and environmental conditions. Organisms that cause infectious disease include fungi, oomycetes, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virus-like organisms, phytoplasmas, protozoa, nematodes and parasitic plants.
Among the various disciplines of agriculture, plant pathology is an important stream, as it pertains to diseases — its diagnosis, management, forecasting, forewarning, quarantine and genetic engineering, all of which can help enhance yield. This is beneficial not just to farmers, but also to the society at large. In Pakistan, particularly in the Jhang watercourse area, the red rot caused by Colletotrichum falcatum is measured as a very critical disease. A high loss in cane yield has also been observed.
“Monitoring pest and diseases in the country, giving necessary warnings for any outbreak of crop diseases, visiting the infected areas along with extension officials of agricultural departments and studying the nature of damage, cause and suggesting suitable remedial measures to save crop and increase productivity are also undertaken by the Plant Pathologist.”
Screening of germplasm under different selection stages against red rot, rust, smut, pokkah boeng and mosaic has been conducted. Monitoring of sugarcane fields is done at various locations of SML for identification of diseases and technical guidance to cane growers of SML for disease control. Symptom of the diseases with the pathogens name are given below:
The objective of this programme is to provide technical guidance on the production technology, biometric traits of varieties, integrated pest management, judicious use of fertilizer and irrigation water. This has helped enhance crop yield and quality of SML cane growers.
The agronomic trials conducted on promising clones consisted of seed rate, row spacing, fertiliser application, irrigation coefficients, weed control and post harvest losses. The detail of “National Uniform Varietal Yield (NUVTY) and Zonal Out Field” trials with locations and varieties name are given below:
|01||National Agricultural Research Center, Sugarcane Crop Station, Islamabad||HoSG-31, SPSG-27 and CSSG-32|
|02||Sugarcane Research Institute, Faisalabad|
|03||National Sugar Crops Research Institute, Thatta|
|04||Sugar Crops Research Institute, Mardan|
|05||Nuclear Institute for Agriculture, Tandojam|
|06||Agricultural Research Institute, Dera Ismail Khan|
Zonal out field trials at different locations in district Jhang
|01||Kot Khan||HoSG – 31, NSG- 59, HSF – 240, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 32, CSSG – 33,US – 778 and CSSG – 2402|
|02||Chela Rajana||HoSG – 31, NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453|
|03||Chund Pull||HoSG-31, NSG- 59, CSSG- 32, CSSG – 33, CPSG-25 and
CSSG – 2453
|04||Salyana||HoSG – 31, NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453|
|05||Pakky wala||HoSG – 31, NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453|
|06||Kot Khan||HoSG – 31, NSG- 59, HSF – 240, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 32, CSSG – 33,US – 778 and CSSG – 2402|
|07||Kilcha Pull||HoSG – 31, NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453|
|08||Umar kot||HoSG-31, NSG- 59, CSSG- 32, CSSG – 33, CPSG-25 and
CSSG – 2453
|09||Danoowala||HoSG – 31,NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453|
|10||Balian||HoSG – 31,NSG – 59, CSSG -32, CPSG – 25, CSSG – 33, US – 778 and CSSG – 2453|
Organic sugar project
Shakarganj Mills Limited, is regular certified member of “Control Union International” under European Union (EU) and National Organic Programme (NOP) USDA since 2004 for the production of organic “Sugarcane, Wheat, Rice and Brown sugar”. This Regulation provides the basis for the sustainable
development of organic production while ensuring the effective functioning of the internal market, guaranteeing fair competition, ensuring consumer confidence and protecting consumer
“Organic production” means the use of the production method compliant with the rules established in this Regulation, at all stages of production, preparation and distribution; any stage from and including the primary production of an organic product up to and including its storage, processing, transport, sale or supply to the final consumer, and where relevant labelling, advertising, import, export and subcontracting activities.
Shakarganj’s registered growers with total acres are given below;
|No. of Growers||Total Area (Acre)||Sugarcane Area (Acre)||Paddy Area (Acre)||Wheat Area (Acre)|
Shakarganj and Bonsucro had completed three teleconferences as technical support to fill its calculator, chain of custody and revised production standard. The last event was held on “10 June 2014” as per requirements to get Bonsucro certification.
The Bonsucro revised production standard teleconference was organized by the IT department. The presentation given by Nicolas Viart (Head of Sustainability, Bonsucro) was received and sent to the concerned departments of SML on “18 June 2014”.